10 Cheapest Andaz Hotels In The World


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In this article, we review the cheapest Andaz hotels in the world, across Europe, Asia, North America, and beyond along with how and when to book to take advantage of discounts at this luxury hotel chain.

Hyatt is one of the world’s best hotel brands with a global portfolio of more than 500 hotels and resorts across 12 distinctive brands. We have outlined the best Park Hyatt hotels, the best Grand Hyatt hotels, the best Hyatt Regency hotels and the best Hyatt Centric hotels. Hyatt hotel brands also include Hyatt Place, Hyatt House, Hyatt Zilara & Ziva, Hyatt Residence Club, Hyatt Centric, and the Unbound Collection by Hyatt. Park Hyatt and Andaz are considered the group’s most luxurious brands. Park Hyatt hotels showcase a minimalist interior design that I love. Andaz hotels are boutique-style hotels generally appealing to a younger audience of travelers.

Andaz Hotels are the rockstars of the Hyatt Group. Andaz is a Hindi word meaning “personal style”. This name celebrates the individuality of every guest and represents the uniqueness of each property. Each Andaz hotel reflects that particular destination’s culture and pulls in elements of each destination. The hotels are often created within buildings with rich histories and locally inspired architecture. They absorb and share the neighborhood vibe with guests via the look, feel, and often music in the lobby lounge.

Guestrooms are individually designed and tend to feel more like flats, with imaginative interiors, artwork, and amenities. The complimentary mini-bar is a highlight and invites guests to taste local treats and non-alcoholic beverages. All Andaz hotels are great and we have already selected the best Andaz hotels in the world. But Andaz hotels don’t discount their rooms.

To get a cheap room, you need to choose a cheap destination or travel outside the high season. You may also be able to buy a packaged up break with free nights. You will find these four for three and three for two-night deals on the offers page of each individual hotel on the Andaz website. This is the same kind of deal that you can take advantage of at the cheapest Four Seasons hotels too. Equally, if you book on unpopular nights, such as weekends in cities, or on Sunday nights at more remote Andaz hotels and resorts, you can pick up the cheapest room rates.

Eighteen Andaz hotels are currently open: Andaz 5th Avenue and Andaz Wall Street in New York, Andaz San Diego, Andaz West Hollywood, Andaz Napa, Andaz Scottsdale Resort and Spa, Andaz Savannah, Andaz Maui at Wailea, Andaz Ottawa Byward Market, Andaz Mayakoba Resort Riviera Maya, Andaz Peninsula Papagayo in Costa Rica, Andaz London Liverpool Street, Andaz Amsterdam Prinsengracht, Andaz Delhi, Andaz Xintiandi in Shanghai, Andaz Munich Schwabinger Tor, Andaz Vienna Am Belvedere and Andaz Tokyo Toranomon Hills.

Hyatt Prive Loyalty Program

If you want additional, free loyalty style benefits on your next stay at any Andaz hotel, join World Of Hyatt and DOUBLE UP on your benefits by booking your stay through our luxury travel concierge travel agency which is a member of the official, Hyatt Prive. We will apply your World Of Hyatt membership number to your booking, so you get your usual status and earn your usual points and stay credits PLUS, you also get our free benefits detailed below on every stay at any Andaz hotel:

  • Daily full breakfast for 2 per room
  • Welcome amenity
  • $100 USD property credit per stay
  • Early check-in / late check-out (subject to availability)
  • Room upgrade priority

These benefits are relevant for stays at the most luxurious hotels in the Hyatt brand, which includes all Park Hyatt hotels, all Andaz hotels, some Grand Hyatt hotels, some Hyatt Regency hotels, and some hotels in The Unbound Collection.

This is my pick of the cheapest Andaz hotels in the world. It is not a definitive list as rates change all the time, and new Andaz hotels are popping up everywhere, but I hope my choices will inspire you to fly away. These luxury hotels are affordable. You just need to know how to play the game! For the sake of this article, we have picked mid-February (Sunday 16th) to give you an idea of the cheapest room rate at each hotel for this night:

1. Andaz Capital Gate Abu Dhabi

Andaz Capital Gate Abu Dhabi is one of the cheapest luxury hotels in Abu Dhabi at $144 USD per night. This hotel is located just 15 minutes away from the airport and most key attractions, adjacent to ADNEC, and is featured in our best Hyatts in Abu Dhabi, Park Hyatt vs. Grand Hyatt vs. Andaz. The impressive 18º leaning building design stands, much like a modern and more stable leaning tower of Pisa. The hotel part of the building begins on the 18th floor.

Hop into a taxi, and everything you need in Abu Dhabi is within around a 15-minute ride from Andaz Capital Gate, but the area around the hotel is more business orientated with a large exhibition center nearby. Taxis in Abu Dhabi are around $7 USD/25 AED each way into and out of the city center. The hotel is also located about halfway from both the city center of Abu Dhabi and the airport, making it a good choice for a flight stopover hotel or if you have an early flight.

There are also quite a few embassies, including the United States one, located in the immediate area. It’s also a stone’s throw from Grand Mosque, arguably the most important tourist spot in Abu Dhabi. The hotel is also conveniently close to Yas Island and its Ferrari World and water theme park.

The pool area is not huge but adequate for the hotel’s size, and it is on the 19th floor of the building. There are a few sun chairs around the pool, and there is a nice sunset view.

If you want a beach, pick the Park Hyatt. If you want a pool, pick the Grand Hyatt as the Andaz Capital Gate pool is small, but it does have a great view. Being 19 stories up, there is usually a breeze making this pool a sensible choice in the very hot Abu Dhabi summer.

The rates at Andaz Capital Gate Abu Dhabi for this high-end luxury hotel can be irresistible. When there’s an exhibition or conference, the hotel is pricy and busy. When there isn’t, you can get a great deal here. It can be super cheap!

The Andaz Capital Gate is also a great deal on points, costing 8,000 World Of Hyatt loyalty points per night if you want to redeem a stay here. Perhaps one of the best deals for a hotel of this level of luxury, on a point redemption.

2. Andaz Delhi

Immerse yourself in the vibrant city of Delhi at Andaz Delhi, one of the cheapest Andaz hotels in the world at just $176 USD per night. Each of its 401 loft-style guestrooms and suites are thoughtfully designed and decorated with locally inspired details and feature unique art pieces that celebrate a reason to fall in love with Delhi. There are also 129 Andaz Residences (one, two, three bedrooms, and six duplex townhouses).

Other hotel amenities include an outdoor swimming pool with sun deck surrounded by lush landscaped gardens, a business studio, 3,484sqm. of innovative meeting and event space, free internet access, free parking, luxury fleet of Jaguars and Range Rovers available 24 hours a day, and the hotel is also pet-friendly.

The Andaz Delhi Fitness Centre offers all the latest cardio equipment to free weights for a total body workout that will energize and recharge, and after, why not relax in the sauna or steam room, all open 24 hours a day. The hotel also offers scenic jogging routes around Aerocity and can arrange personalized yoga and meditation sessions.

The Andaz Delhi Spa is a calming sanctuary amidst the hustle and bustle of Delhi, offering signature experiences combining seasonal fruits, herbs, minerals, and essential oils with authentic therapies to balance body and mind.

In terms of dining, there is an array of locally inspired, thoughtfully curated dining and bar experiences. Eat Mindful at the modern European food hall: AnnaMaya, inspired by the vibrancy and flavors of India, or savor over 39 gin infusions at Juniper Bar, the first gin bar in India. Experience the pulsating Hong Kong vibe at The Hong Kong Club, the entertainment and dining destination specializing in Cantonese cuisine and live entertainment. Finally, guests can enjoy nutrition-dense flatbreads, wellness bowls, and healthy beverages at the newly opened bespoke eatery: Soul Pantry.

At 12,000 World Of Hyatt points per night throughout the year, the Andaz Delhi is an award category 3 Hyatt and an absolute steal on points. If you are paying to stay here, and this may be wise, the room rates are often incredibly cheap for this caliber of hotel. We took a random date in January and found the rate to be even cheaper at under $140 USD per night.

This has to be one of the most stunning and luxurious Andaz hotels that you can book for under $150 USD in 2020 and is not to be missed. It is worth the trip to India just to try it!

3. Andaz Wall Street

The newly redesigned Andaz Wall Street is one of our favorite Andaz Hotels and is also one of the cheapest Hyatt and Andaz hotels in New York at $179 USD per night compared to $325 USD per night for Andaz Fifth Avenue. Again, this hotel’s boutique ambiance makes it a real winner in the big apple, as so many of the hotels are large and lack the personal touch. It is refreshing to be treated to the boutique feel of this hotel.

Ideally located for the Financial District in New York City, at the corner of Wall Street and Water Street and about a 10-minute walk to the 9/11 Memorial, the Andaz Wall Street has lovely large rooms (starting at around 345 square feet) and is a great Hyatt branded hotel choice in New York. It is also well located for tourist sites, including South Street Seaport, and access to the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island.

The rooms here have huge windows and spacious shower suites. The windows make up one entire wall and are huge and let in loads of light. A narrow seat runs in front of them for sitting and enjoying the view. The windows also have automated blackout shades (I need a set of these at home!) and sheer curtains to provide privacy from the building across the street.

The mini bar is free, and you also get complimentary tea and coffee throughout the day, along with muffins in the morning and chocolate-chip cookies later in the day in the lobby. There is also complimentary wine during a happy hour from 6:00 – 7:00 pm, all somewhat negating the need for a club lounge. If you are looking for a club lounge in New York, we have outlined the best New York Club Lounges.

The hotel’s restaurant is the Andaz Kitchen & Bar, which can be found up a short flight of stairs from the main lobby. This restaurant is open from 6:30 am – 2:00 pm and 4:00 – 11:00 pm and is closed for dinner on Sundays. There’s also a fitness center on the concourse level with well-maintained equipment and weights.

If you book an award redemption, the cost of a stay here will be 20,000 World Of Hyatt points per night throughout the year. This makes this property the cheapest of the two Andaz hotels in New York and makes it worth considering for your next trip to the Big Apple.

4. Andaz Singapore

Andaz Singapore is surrounded by the historic Kampong Glam and Little India districts, the iconic Marina Bay area, and the Bras Basah Bugis arts hub. Aiming to be an extension of its surrounding neighborhoods, Andaz Singapore celebrates local culture with the aim for guests to arrive as visitors but to depart feeling like locals.

Andaz Singapore is the most modern Hyatt hotel in Singapore and also one of the cheapest Andaz hotels in the world at just $273 USD per night for our dates. If you book an award redemption, the cost will be 20,000 World Of Hyatt points per night throughout the year.

It is in a more interesting location than the Grand Hyatt, which is further from the business district and the bayfront. The Grand Hyatt is located near Orchard Road, a major shopping district in Singapore, and the rooms at the Andaz are much nicer than the Grand Hyatt.

This Andaz sits in a modern building with hexagonal windows that looks a bit like a glass beehive from certain angles and offers 342 guestrooms and suites, alongside dynamic dining and drinking concepts, a rooftop bar on the 39th floor, four meeting and event spaces, a fitness center and a stunning outdoor infinity swimming pool.

Rooms include a free minibar containing soft drinks, fruit juice, local drinks, local beer, and alcho-pop. Toiletries are by La Bottega with the scent “Singapore Fusion #19”, a custom scent for Andaz Singapore with the combination of Indian Jasmine Sambac, Chinese Cedarwood, Malay Orchid, and Eurasian Clove.

While you may think of staying at the Grand Hyatt in Singapore for its Club Lounge, over this Andaz, bear in mind that the Grand Hyatt club lounge is not one of the best club lounges in Singapore, in fact, the lounge is one of our least favorite in Asia. It is crowded with not much of a view and mediocre food offerings and service. It is just no comparison to the Grand Hyatt Hong Kong or Kuala Lumpur. The Andaz offers a Globalist World Of Hyatt members free breakfast in the restaurants. If you book via our luxury travel concierge, breakfast is also free in the restaurants, which is a much nicer environment vs. the Grand Hyatt club lounge.

Breakfast here is particularly good, with a western buffet served with a view at Alley on 25, the hotel’s restaurant situated up on the 25th floor of DUO tower. The spread is international with a continental section, live stations as well as Asian sections. The Globalist breakfast benefit, along with our luxury concierge-free breakfast benefit outlined below, applies to this breakfast. The restaurants also offer beautiful views of Singapore and an open kitchen.

Overall, this Andaz hotel is superb and with a high-quality physical product, very friendly staff, and great restaurants. Most rooms have great views of the city, and the rooftop bar offers 360deg views. For getting around, there is direct access to the subway (MRT) for easy access to other parts of the city. Worth noting that the only rooms with bathtubs are suites, so if you want a bathtub, you will need to book a suite.

5. Andaz Mayakoba Resort Riviera Maya

Andaz Mayakoba Resort Riviera Maya is situated on 25 square acres of breathtaking oceanfront, preserved mangrove, and lagoon surroundings. Indulge in one of its 214 guestrooms, including 41 luxury suites. The resort’s breathtaking design reflects Mayan culture in a mystical environment. More importantly, this is also one of the cheapest Andaz hotels in the world. On Sunday, 16th Feb 2020, the rate is approx $359 USD per room per night. Cheap for a hotel of this quality.

Four unique restaurants and bars with pool, lagoon, or ocean views will offer a distinguished culinary experience. Amenities include a spectacular 18-hole golf course designed by Greg Norman, outdoor pools, a full spa, a fitness center, and a kids’ club.

6. Andaz Fifth Avenue

Also, one of the best Andaz hotels in the world and one of the cheapest is Andaz Fifth Avenue, which costs $325 USD per night for our selected dates in Feb 2020. The point award redemption cost is 25,000 World Of Hyatt points per night. Overall, whether you are a Hyatt fan or not, this is a great hotel option for New York City with a boutique and trendy feel. I love the loft-style suites with terraces. They are the highlight of this hotel.

The Andaz 5th Avenue really is superb with large rooms, friendly staff and a great location. It feels so much more boutique than other hotels in Manhatten, meaning that a stay here feels more homely and friendly than some of the larger hotels in the city, making it a great choice.

With 184-rooms, this hotel is a boutique when compared to the Grand Hyatt in New York, which is enormous. I prefer the boutique feel of the Andaz. The hotel is located in a 1916 building that used to be the worldwide headquarters for fashion brand Tommy Hilfiger before becoming an Andaz hotel in 2010.

The hotel is located on 5th Avenue, though the main entrance is on East 41st Street, just across the street from the New York Public Library and Bryant Park. Other attractions that are walkable from this lovely hotel include the Empire State Building, Times Square, Grand Central Terminal, and Rockefeller Center. However, it takes around an hour to taxi from New York-JFK airport to the hotel and around half an hour from LaGuardia Airport (LGA). You have easy access to more than a dozen subway lines, too, ideal for exploring the rest of Manhattan and beyond.

The Andaz experience begins the moment you arrive through the bronze-colored doors of our midtown Manhattan hotel and are greeted by an Andaz Host. Have a drink in the bar downstairs while checking in via iPads. The whole experience feels very boutique, plus the welcome drink is a blessing and helps to pass the time while the process takes place. A really nice touch. Rooms are large loft-style rooms, spacious by Manhattan standards and minimalist in design with a great bed. Rooms are between 322 and 404 square feet, but the high ceilings make them feel larger. Ask for a room as high up as possible as there is some minor street noise in the lower level rooms. The higher rooms have a superb view and a window seat so that you feel like you are sitting in your very own loft apartment. There are also 47 spacious suites that offer private balconies or landscaped terraces.

As usual with Andaz hotels, nonalcoholic minibar items were complimentary. You get a few cans of soda and plenty of water bottles. Snacks are a bag of crisps and a chocolate bar with nuts. In the bathroom, there are two sinks and a great shower (again, usual for Andaz hotels, you need to book a suite to get a bathtub). Toiletries are from Brooklyn-based Apotheke.

There is a restaurant in the basement, “The Bar Downstairs and Kitchen”, which serves breakfast (free to Globalists or if you book via our concierge), lunch, and light bites and drinks in the evening. Breakfast is great with dishes including warm “Lemon Souffle Pancakes” with orange poppy seed syrup, “Huevos Ranncheros”, which are sunny side up eggs with black beans, avocado, salsa roja, cotija, cilantro, corn tortilla. Two eggs any style with your choice of meat, hash browns, roasted tomato, griddled bread, Lobster and scrambled eggs, Avocado Toast, Egg White Omelette as well as sliced fruit, greek yogurt, maple porridge, and bread and pastries including croissants, pan au chocolat, Zucker’s bagel with cream cheese, blueberry muffins and white or multigrain toast.

Rather than having a club lounge, this Andaz offers complimentary coffee and tea service in the lobby lounge daily and a complimentary happy hour with wine each evening. There is also a decent 24-hour gym in the basement.

The Andaz Fifth Avenue costs around $600 USD per night in the summer, so try and stay in the winter and out of season to enjoy this hotel cheaper.

7. Andaz Vienna Am Belvedere

This brand new Andaz hotel is one of the cheapest at $325 USD per night (similar to our second New York choice above. The boutique hotel, Andaz Vienna Am Belvedere, is conveniently located at the Arsenalstraße 10, across from the Schweizergarten and within walking distance to the Vienna central station.

The building-front of the Andaz Vienna Am Belvedere reflects the local architecture, while the atmosphere of the lobby-lounge comes alive with typical music of the local area. Andaz Vienna Am Belvedere features over 303 rooms, all featuring pieces of art at the room-walls, 2.200 square meters wide conference area, 700 square meters of a great ballroom, and also offers a fitness area, restaurant, eatery, and a stunning rooftop bar on the 16th floor, 60 meters high.

In fact, the food focus at Andaz Vienna Am Belvedere has an emphasis on consciously sourced ingredients and local artisans’ produce. Sample an enticing new destination for meat lovers at the main restaurant ‘Eugen 21’, drink in the views and cocktails at the rooftop bar ‘Aurora’, which has an open hearth, DJ, and a unique view over Vienna, or rub shoulders with the local community at the eatery ‘Cyclist’.

Rooms are stylish here, and standard rooms start at 30m2 in size plus, you get a free minibar containing snacks and alcoholic drinks free of charge. You will currently find the following in this mini bar: Apple juice, still water, tonic water, local lemonade, Manner Schnitte (local sweets), and pumpkin seeds. The room itself is beautifully finished with Viennese fishbone parquet and artistic detailing along with floor-to-ceiling windows, a stylish bathroom with a walk-in shower, and unique bath amenities from the traditional Viennese Saint Charles Apothecary.

Breakfast (which you get for free if you book this hotel via our luxury travel concierge) is a highlight with a full buffet with hot and cold dishes. In addition, everyone can order something off the menu free of charge. Favorites of mine include Austrian Eggs Benedict, Omelette, Avocado Toast, Porridge, Banana Pancakes, Waffles, and more. There is also free sparkling wine on offer every evening, along with homemade bread and spreads.

The best time to visit Vienna is from April to May or September to October when the weather is warm and sunny, but for cheap rates, visit in the winter! Cultural must-sees like the Belvedere 21, the palace Belvedere and the Museum of Military History are only a stone’s throw away from Andaz Vienna Am Belvedere.

The Andaz Vienna Am Belvedere usually costs around €260 EUR per night. If you book an award redemption, the cost will be 12,000 World Of Hyatt points per night throughout the year. This is a steal for such a high-caliber hotel, and I would suggest booking in at these rates before they inevitably raise the point rates once the hotel becomes more well known.

Hyatt is a 1:1 transfer partner of Chase Ultimate Rewards card. This card earns an amazing sign-up bonus. Currently, you get 60,000 bonus points after you spend $4,000 USD on purchases in the first 3 months after account opening, so you would get 4 nights at the Grand Hyatt Bali for free by signing up for this Chase Ultimate Rewards card.

8. Andaz Scottsdale Resort & Bungalows

Among the many reasons to love Andaz Scottsdale Resort & Bungalows: Midcentury modern, bungalow-style guestrooms to get cozy in; dramatic Camelback Mountain views while dining at Weft & Warp Art Bar + Kitchen; three sparkling resort pools; the Palo Verde Spa & Apothecary (with made-to-order botanical products); and a myriad of desert-driven activities, including artist studio tours and Pinnacle Peak hiking.

This is also one of the cheapest Andaz hotels in the world at $409 USD per night in Feb 2020, and it offers a great destination to escape the cold weather.

9. Andaz Tokyo Toranomon Hills

With seemingly never-ending views over the urban landscape that makes up Japan’s most modern capital, the Andaz Tokyo Toranomon Hills is the latest lifestyle boutique in Japan. For Tokyo, this luxury hotel is fairly cheap at $477 USD per night.

Located in one of Tokyo’s oldest districts, the prestigious Toranomon area (which means “gate of the tiger”) was one of several key points along the outer moat of Edo Castle, the social and political center of Japan during the 1603–1867 rule of the Tokugawa shogunate. A number of such gates, or fortified bridges, as well as temples and shrines, were strategically placed in the capital to ward off evil spirits, and the tiger gate of Toranomon was one such symbolic protector. Historical landmarks such as the Atago Shrine, Zojoji Temple, and Hamarikyu Gardens, as well as traditional craftsmen’s workshops, remain in the area today.

This stylish hotel brings a “smart-casual’ vibe to this otherwise traditional country. Finishings are exquisite (even the lift is stylish), and yet, typical to the Andaz brand, the hotel remains full of character and inviting. The fun starts as you whizz up to the 51st floor to check-in. From here, you will be taken down several levels and to your incredibly spacious room.

Room foyers are polished stone, and once inside, you are met by the main bed made up with crisp white linens and faces out to the enormous floor-to-ceiling window. A rather nifty grey sofa spans the window and is the perfect place to absorb the immense views. A wooden desk, a low table, and a leather armchair also furnish the room. Moss-colored carpeting, which reminds me of a Zen garden, covers the floor, while white wall panels evoke traditional Japanese partition walls. The rooms at this Andaz are unique, sumptuous, and very Japanese. From the elegant yellow umbrella to the traditional Japanese robes complete with sashes, and slippers, you can not miss the local influence in the room decor. The bathroom is equally stylish with a huge Japanese tub, big enough to fit the whole family.

The Andaz Tavern is the main venue for breakfast, with soaring ceilings, immense views, and wonderful sculptures. There is also a relaxed Tavern Lounge bar for relaxed drinks and live music. For something even more special, the Andaz offers the Rooftop bar with an outdoor terrace, where you can sit and knockback sake (or cocktails if you prefer!) looking down upon the glittering city.

Cool off In the AO spa occupying nearly 15,000 square feet on the 37th floor and overlooking the Imperial Palace. Then try out the 20m swimming pool. It feels like you are swimming in the sky!

Andaz Tokyo is a true five-star luxury assault on the senses, the style, the scents, the art, the views, but crucially is relaxed. You are welcome to dress as stylishly as your surroundings, but you will feel comfortable whether you do or whether you don’t.

At 30,000 World Of Hyatt points per night throughout the year, this is one of the more expensive point redemption Andaz hotels featuring in this “best of” list. Pay for your stay, and you are looking at prices of around ¥50,000 JPY (around $500 USD) in higher season and a cheaper $477 USD for our selected dates in February, so you are getting a decent valuation for your World Of Hyatt Points even at the 30,000 rate.

10. Andaz Maui at Wailea Resort

How about Andaz Maui at Wailea? Is this cheap? Sadly no! This is one of the most expensive Andaz hotels in the world. We have reviewed the cheapest Hyatt hotels in Hawaii and the Andaz is definitely not the cheapest at $649 USD per night for our selected dates.

This wonderful Andaz hotel is located along 15 acres of beachfront and is one of the best luxury hotels in Hawaii. Dip your toes in the sand, lounge poolside with your favorite drink, discover regional dishes that showcase the best of Maui. Whether you’re here on honeymoon or booking a well-deserved vacation package, this is one of the best luxury hotels in Wailea, Maui.

Gentle ocean breezes and the pristine shores of Mokapu Beach provide the perfect backdrop. With 301 guest rooms and suites, and seven residential villas, all have private lanais for admiring magnificent Hawaii sunsets, bathrooms with ocean and garden view showers, and luxurious body products.

Set your own pace, surrounded by sun-kissed shores and spectacular sunsets. Here on Maui, you’re in the midst of one of the most awe-inspiring destinations in the world. From activities along the island’s most beautiful beaches to delicious dining and unique cultural sights, whatever your spirit seeks is well within reach.

The Andaz Maui is probably one of the most popular Hyatt properties, both among those looking to redeem World of Hyatt points and also among Globalist members looking for a special trip. If you book an award redemption, the cost will be 30,000 World Of Hyatt points per night throughout the year (if you can find availability, this hotel can sell out).

Note: All benefits & upgrades subject to availability & Terms & Conditions, enquire for more information. Benefits offered correct at the time of writing but may be amended at discretion of the vendor. Posts may be sponsored by the proprietor or brand being appraised. All opinions remain our own & are in no way influenced.